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No two men develop prostate cancer in the same way, so we offer a wide array of resources to properly evaluate your situation and to create a personalized plan that fits your specific needs.
We may use any combination of these tests and procedures to diagnose and stage prostate cancer:
Treatment for prostate cancer varies greatly from person to person. Your personalized treatment plan may include these leading edge procedures and therapies to help you become cancer-free:
Surgery. Specially trained oncologists remove the prostate and other affected tissues, called a radical prostatectomy.
Chemotherapy. Drugs that slow down, damage, or kill cancer cells. Chemotherapy is generally used only for advanced forms of prostate cancer. It may involve single drugs or combinations of drugs taken intravenously or by mouth. Chemotherapy is often taken in cycles lasting three or four weeks each. Your team may also prescribe drugs to reduce or eliminate chemotherapy’s side effects.
Radiation therapy or radiotherapy. X-rays and other types of medical radiation aimed at specific parts of the body. The radiation kills cancer cells, prevents cancer cells from developing or recurring, and improves many of cancer’s symptoms. Modern techniques of focusing radiation allow delivery of radiation to the prostate, while minimizing radiation dose to normal non-cancerous tissues. For certain types of prostate cancer, a type of targeted radiation called Stereotactic Ablative Body Radiotherapy (SABR) may allow treatment to be completed in 5 sessions.
Anti-cancer drugs & targeted therapies. Single drugs or combinations of drugs taken through intravenous injections or as prescribed tablets/capsules help fight the cancer itself or the side effects from chemotherapy. Drugs may be taken in repeating patterns (cycles) that usually last three to four weeks.
Hormonal therapy. Because the presence of some hormones can cause certain cancers to grow, hormone therapy as a cancer treatment removes hormones or blocks their action to stop cancer cells from growing. If tests show that cancer cells can find places to attach (receptors), various treatments—drugs, surgery, radiation therapy—can be used to reduce hormone production or stop them from working.
Immunotherapy. Uses your own immune system to fight cancer. Substances made by the body or in a laboratory—such as Provenge®—are used to boost, direct, or restore the body’s natural defenses against cancer.
Clinical trials. Your medical team may also recommend participation in a clinical trial. UCHealth conducts hundreds of these “trials” of new treatments or drugs. Participation in a clinical trial may provide those who qualify with access to drugs and vaccines years before they are widely available.
Specialists from many disciplines will work with you to personalize a treatment plan. Whether you need minimal treatment or a radical prostatectomy, your expert medical team will include the specialists you need: