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Migraines are a recurring type of headache that cause moderate to serious pain, often on just one side of your head. They can cause other symptoms like nausea and sensitivity to light and sound.
Migraine attacks can last for hours to days, and the throbbing, pulsating pain can stop you from doing your daily activities. Women are more likely to suffer from migraines than men.
Your primary care provider can help you identify your triggers to prevent some migraine attacks, and can develop a treatment plan with medications and lifestyle changes to help make your migraines less painful so they do not interfere with your life anymore.
We don’t fully understand the cause of migraines, but we do know that genetics and environmental factors are involved.
Several factors can trigger a migraine, which can vary for each patient:
A migraine attack usually lasts from 4 to 72 hours, and typically causes these symptoms:
Depending on the type of migraine, you might not experience all of these symptoms, and you might experience others.
You might also experience other symptoms during the different phases of a migraine. A migraine is not fatal by itself, but it could be a symptom of a life-threatening condition like a stroke.
See your provider immediately or go to the emergency room if you have any of the following signs and symptoms:
According to the American Migraine Foundation, there are several subtypes of migraine:
Your primary care provider can develop a treatment plan to help relieve your symptoms and prevent attacks. It may include: