What is cervicitis?

Cervicitis is an irritation or infection of the cervix. A number of different organisms can cause it. Cervicitis symptoms may start suddenly and are severe. Or it can last several months or longer.

What causes cervicitis?

Cervicitis may be caused by a number of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including:

  • Gonorrhea
  • Chlamydia
  • Herpes
  • Trichomoniasis

Cervicitis may also be caused by vaginal infections, such as bacterial vaginosis.

It’s often confused with vaginitis.

What are the symptoms of cervicitis?

Each woman’s symptoms may vary. These are the most common symptoms of cervicitis:

  • Discharge that contains pus
  • Pelvic pain
  • Bleeding between periods or after sex
  • Urinary problems

Infections within the vagina are easily passed to the cervix. Then the tissue of the cervix can become inflamed and form an open sore. One early sign of this is a pus-like vaginal discharge.

The symptoms of cervicitis may look like other conditions or health problems. Always see your healthcare provider for a diagnosis.

How is cervicitis diagnosed?

Along with a complete medical history and physical and pelvic exam, you may also be tested for STIs, and bacterial vaginosis. Your healthcare provider will also check for pelvic inflammatory disease.