Hepatitis A is a highly contagious infectious disease. The virus itself can be found in the feces and blood of an infected person. It is usually spread by:
Having close person-to-person contact, such as:
Hepatitis A is also common in places like long-term care homes, daycares, and group homes.
Consuming contaminated water or food:
Food and water can become contaminated by the Hepatitis A virus while it is being grown, harvested, processed, or handled. This happens more commonly in lower-income countries with limited sanitation infrastructure. Sometimes, imported food can be contaminated and cause outbreaks. Normal food processing techniques are often not enough to kill hepatitis A.