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We use several tests to help diagnose cervical cancer. Your doctor will determine the right tests for your case, and ultimately only a biopsy can make a definitive diagnosis.
UCHealth uses the staging system developed by the International Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology (FIGO) for cervical cancer.
Staging is based on a the results of a physical exam, imaging scans, and biopsies.
The cancer has spread from the cervix lining into the deeper tissue but is still just found in the uterus. It has not spread to other parts of the body. This stage may be divided into smaller groups to describe the cancer in more detail:
The cancer has spread beyond the uterus to nearby areas, such as the vagina or tissue near the cervix, but it is still inside the pelvic area. It has not spread to other parts of the body. This stage may be divided into smaller groups to describe the cancer in more detail:
The tumor involves the lower third of the vagina, and/or has spread to the pelvic wall, and/or causes swelling of the kidney, called hydronephrosis, or stops a kidney from functioning, and/or involves regional lymph nodes. There is no distant spread. This stage also has smaller groups:
The cancer has spread to the bladder or rectum, but it has not spread to other parts of the body.
The cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
Source: American Cancer Society