Learn everything about storing and cooking asparagus. Plus enjoy these zesty, lemony asparagus recipes.

Asparagus stalks are like fresh flowers. Store them in water in your refrigerator, and they'll stay crunchy and delicious for up to a week.
April 25, 2023
Simple preparations, such as roasting or grilling, are often best for cooking fresh asparagus.
Simple preparations, such as roasting or grilling, are often best for cooking fresh asparagus. Photo by Bill St. John, for UCHealth.

We eat our seasons, don’t we? In winter, warming soups, stews and such. Cool and cooling foods come summer, ice cream of course, and salads and foods grilled, shooing outside the kitchen’s heat.

Spring means asparagus, and asparagus means spring. At the grocer’s, truly fresh asparagus appears still to be growing. Any spearhead unknotting, any shaft withering, any cut end shriveling — we shun such, knowing that the nutty, sweet, grassy flavor of asparagus is much diminished, its crisp texture uncrunched, its character unsprung — “un-springed.”

The diameter of asparagus signifies nothing other than the age of its mother crown, hidden below the surface of its protective and fecund soil and birthing its spears each year. If it is a young crown, the spears will be thin; if older, thicker.

All fresh asparagus, thick or thin, tastes the same. Thick spears may have a more fibrous peel and, so, may benefit from a peeling of their lower half. But that’s not always so.

Treat each spear after getting to know it. Even thin spears might benefit from peeling, or thick be at their best from being left alone.

When storing asparagus, refrigerate trimmed spears of asparagus in at least two inches of water, like this.
When storing asparagus, refrigerate trimmed spears of asparagus in at least two inches of water. Photo by Bill St. John, for UCHealth.

The adage to “snap an asparagus spear where it naturally breaks” wastes an enormous amount of vegetable. It breaks where you place your fingers. You need excise merely an inch or slightly more from the end, using a sharp knife blade, making uniform in length all the spears, both to ease your cooking and to please your diners’ eyes.

Refrigerate trimmed spears of asparagus in at least two inches of water, placed inside a large-mouthed jar or container, everything covered with a snapped-on shower cap. They will keep like that for a week because they truly are like cut flowers. Yet you will wish to eat them well before they wither.

Always wash fresh spears of asparagus in a couple of changes of cool or cold water. Like leeks and some celery—and all cilantro, it forever seems—asparagus picks up grit as it pushes itself toward the sun and out of its bed of soil. The tips (especially if not as tightly closed as a child’s fist on candy) and the bracts along its shaft may harbor fine and not easily seen sand.

You may boil, broil, blanch, braise, steam, stir-fry, grill, roast or eat raw most asparagus and each method has its partisans. Cooking times depend on method, but thin spears rarely take more than three minutes to cook through, swimming in boiling liquid or cooking over any sort of heat. Thicker spears, a couple of minutes more but only.

Butter bathes it best, sparked by something acidic such as lemon. This is why unsalted cultured butter, with its ever so slight yogurty tang, is the better butter of the best.

Eggs quite take to it, especially eggs with runny yolk. Ham helps. It bakes well and is puréed successfully as a major flavoring ingredient to a soup, warm or tepid in temperature.

The recipes here bring out the best of asparagus. In her seminal “The Taste of Country Cooking,” Edna Lewis is a minimalist cook of it, not even shaving the ends. My mother, Madeleine St. John, also treated it plainly in the recipe from her cooking school La Bonne Cuisine (sadly gone). Lemon, in two forms, edges it like a picture frame.

Happy Mother’s Day, by the way (and way early), to all cooking moms, mothers and motherly or mothering cooks. Asparagus is truly your centerpiece vegetable, for it appears at its best at this time of the year of your special day.

Its history:

Like the allium family kids such as garlic, leek, onion and shallot, asparagus long was thought to belong to the lily family. (It’s now known to be more closely related to plants such as agave or yucca.) With the lily alliums, interesting stuff happens both above and below ground. Sometimes we eat from both places; sometimes not.

With asparagus, just from above.

Its history and growth both go back millennia and cover vast lands, due mostly to its ubiquity as a wild plant in most of Asia, Europe and Africa. Anyone could pick and eat it. Two thousand years ago, in his “Natural History,” Pliny used the word “asparagus” to mean “any long green stem” that could be eaten as a vegetable.

Get other great tips and recipes from Bill St. John.

When France began to farm it in earnest around the year 1300, both the difficulty of cultivating it and its fragility once harvested caused it to become exceedingly rare and quite costly. In his 1825 “La physiologie du goût,” Jean-Anthelme Brillat-Savarin relates that while the average daily wage (at that time) was “2.50 francs a day,” a bundle of asparagus cost “40 francs.”

The official Latin binomial name is asparagus officinalis, a reference to its prevalent use as a medicine in the Middle Ages, especially for its diuretic qualities. (The officina was a monastery’s dispensary.)

“Eat your vegetables” used to mean “Take your meds.”

Skillet Asparagus from Edna Lewis, garnished with zests of lemon.
Skillet Asparagus from Edna Lewis, garnished with zests of lemon. Photo by Bill St. John, for UCHealth.

Skillet Asparagus

From Edna Lewis at saveur.com, adapted from her book “The Taste of Country Cooking.” Serves 4-6.


2 tablespoons unsalted butter

2 pounds asparagus, fibrous bottoms cut off

Kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper


In a large skillet set over medium heat, melt the butter. When the foam subsides, add the asparagus and shake the pan to coat the spears. Cover and cook, shaking occasionally, until bright green but still crisp, about 3 minutes.

Uncover and continue cooking until the asparagus is tender when pierced with the tip of a knife, 5-10 minutes more (the thicker the spears, the longer the cook time). Season to taste with salt and black pepper.

Asparagus Spears with Lemon Dressing

From Madeleine St. John, La Bonne Cuisine Cooking School, Denver. Serves 4.


24 slender asparagus spears

4 large leaves Romaine lettuce

For the lemon dressing:

1 1/2 tablespoons olive oil

1 1/2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice

1 tablespoon water

For the garnish:

8 thin julienne strips lemon rind


Cut off the asparagus about 3 inches below the tips. (Reserve the bottoms to use for stock.) Cook the spears in 3 quarts boiling water for 5 minutes. When cooked, immediately plunge them into very cold or ice water and leave to cool down. Drain them, wrap in paper toweling and refrigerate. (This crisps them up.)

To serve, place a lettuce leaf on each of 4 chilled plates and arrange 6 asparagus spears over each leaf. Combine the dressing ingredients in a cup, blending well with a fork and drizzle about 1 tablespoon dressing over each serving. Decorate with the lemon rind strips.

Reach Bill St John at [email protected]

About the author

For more than 40 years, Bill St. John’s specialties have been as varied as they are cultured. He writes and teaches about restaurants, wine, food & wine, the history of the cuisines of several countries (France, Italy, Spain, Belgium, and the USA), about religion and its nexus with food, culture, history, or philosophy, and on books, travel, food writing, op-ed, and language.

Bill has lent (and lends) his subject matter expertise to such outlets as The Rocky Mountain News, The Denver Post, The Chicago Tribune, 5280 Magazine, and for various entities such as food markets, wine shops, schools & hospitals, and, for its brief life, Microsoft’s sidewalk.com. In 2001 he was nominated for a James Beard Award in Journalism for his 12 years of writing for Wine & Spirits Magazine.

Bill's experience also includes teaching at Regis University and the University of Chicago and in classrooms of his own devising; working as on-air talent with Denver's KCNC-TV, where he scripted and presented a travel & lifestyle program called "Wine at 45"; a one-week stint as a Trappist monk; and offering his shoulder as a headrest for Julia Child for 20 minutes.

Bill has also visited 54 countries, 42 of the United States, and all 10 Canadian provinces.