Roasted leg of lamb for Easter or Passover

April 4, 2019
a rosted leg of lamb on a white platter with roasted potatoes
Roasted leg of lamb is a perfect dish for any special occasion. Photo: Getty Images.

By tradition, Passover and Easter share a couple common foods, lamb and the egg. Passover Seder plates hold both (in the form of a shank bone, commonly of lamb, and a boiled egg) and many Christian families roast a leg of lamb for their Easter dinner after the Easter egg hunt.

The recipe here is for a roast leg of lamb, a preparation that my brother, Marc, and I have made many dozens of times over the years for dinner on Sundays, including some Easter Sundays.

Marc has lived overseas for just under 30 years now and many of those Sunday dinners took place in France. Hence we took to calling our recipe for roast leg of lamb the “gigot,” its French name. By tradition, Marc and I just call the Sunday roast “the gigot.”

This month is a good opportunity to consider the nexus of food and religion. Food feeds many hungers, one of which is hunger for the sacred. In many religious traditions — certainly both the Christian and the Jewish — many food rites make meaning, mark special occasions, and provide identity.

This recipe for the St. John gigot, first learned from Marc, and then tinkered upon by me, is itself a quasi-religious event for us. We do not roast it merely to have lamb for dinner.

We roasted it those many Sundays — Easter Sunday included and, I dare guess, quite a few Passover evenings — because on Sundays the gigot becomes the place where we join in that shared meaning of what is truly important in life, how we can make holy or transcendent those everyday things such as cooking or eating or being at table, of being together as two brothers (often, of course, our families with us).

Perhaps this is the some of the meaning of the freedom or liberation extolled in the Passover Haggadah, or of the renewed life promised in the Resurrection.

Whatever it is, it is more than just a gigot.

Here also, a note or two on wine, specifically for this meal for which many of us pair our lamb with special wines.

Rich, full-on, tannic, deeply colored reds are the right pairing for roast lamb. Lamb is such a “sweet,” fully flavored red meat, generally high in fat, that its best match for the palate is a wine that mollifies that fat and pairs up with that richness. That is, a big red.

When consumed together, red wine’s tannins erase the oleaginous impression of fat, while fat softens the astringent grip of tannin. They literally pop each other down—a happy thing.

Finally, for dessert, a wine match for Peeps, the baleful, straight-staring, chick-shaped “marshmallow product” so sweet that they set the teeth to quailing. Peeps are a sort of foam made of sugar, corn syrup and gelatin, then speckled with more sugar. They are a burp wrapped in sandpaper.

As a dessert, their only wine match can be that which is as sweet as they: a late harvest wine, to be sure, perhaps a so-called “ice wine.” Most cool-climate winemaking regions on the globe produce such dessert wines, especially from the riesling grape.

However, they’re even better with jellybeans.

Gigot d’Agneau (Roasted leg of lamb)

Serves 6-10


1 bone-in leg of lamb, anywhere from 5-8 pounds

6 cloves of garlic, peeled and mashed with side of a chef’s knife

3 long branches fresh rosemary, leaves stripped, wood discarded

2 teaspoons honey

3 tablespoons Dijon mustard

2 teaspoons flavorful extra virgin olive oil

1 1/2 teaspoons kosher salt

1 teaspoon freshly ground black pepper


Preheat the oven to 400 degrees. Rinse and dry the lamb. Slice away any egregious blobs of fat, but do not remove all visible fat (while roasting, a modicum of melting fat adds a lot of flavor). Make 6-10 slits into the meat of the leg, about an inch in both length and depth.

Make a paste of all the remaining ingredients and slather the leg all over, pushing bits of the paste deep into the slits.

Place the leg in a shallow roasting or baking pan (if you have a low rack for the pan, use it) and pour 1/2 cup water or white wine around the leg. Place in the oven and roast for 10 minutes, then lower the heat to 300 and continue roasting until an instant-read thermometer inserted into the thick of the meat (do not touch bone) registers 125 degrees for medium-rare (about 15-20 minutes per pound depending on your oven and the temperature of the lamb when first put into the oven). Place the leg on a cutting board and let it rest; “carryover cooking” will increase the temperature to about 130 degrees or true medium-rare.

You may prefer the lamb cooked through and meltingly tender. In that case, lower the long roasting time temperature to 250 degrees and cook until the internal temperature registers 140 degrees (a half hour or more per pound), then let the lamb rest another 15 minutes on the cutting board.

In either case, the juices surrounding the leg serve as a sauce for the slices, or you may strain and then reduce them for a glaze.

Bill St. John has written and taught about restaurants, food, cooking and wine for more than 40 years, locally for Rocky Mountain News, The Denver Post and KCNC-TV Channel 4, nationally for Chicago Tribune Newspapers and Wine & Spirits magazine. The Denver native lives in his hometown. Contact Bill at [email protected]

About the author

For more than 40 years, Bill St. John’s specialties have been as varied as they are cultured. He writes and teaches about restaurants, wine, food & wine, the history of the cuisines of several countries (France, Italy, Spain, Belgium, and the USA), about religion and its nexus with food, culture, history, or philosophy, and on books, travel, food writing, op-ed, and language.

Bill has lent (and lends) his subject matter expertise to such outlets as The Rocky Mountain News, The Denver Post, The Chicago Tribune, 5280 Magazine, and for various entities such as food markets, wine shops, schools & hospitals, and, for its brief life, Microsoft’s In 2001 he was nominated for a James Beard Award in Journalism for his 12 years of writing for Wine & Spirits Magazine.

Bill's experience also includes teaching at Regis University and the University of Chicago and in classrooms of his own devising; working as on-air talent with Denver's KCNC-TV, where he scripted and presented a travel & lifestyle program called "Wine at 45"; a one-week stint as a Trappist monk; and offering his shoulder as a headrest for Julia Child for 20 minutes.

Bill has also visited 54 countries, 42 of the United States, and all 10 Canadian provinces.