Get your vision back.

What is a cataract?

The lens in the eye can become cloudy and hard, a condition known as a cataract. Cataracts can develop from normal aging, from an eye injury, or if you have taken medications known as steroids. Cataracts cause a range of vision problems, and if they are interfering with your daily life, they need to be removed through surgery.

Cataract symptoms

Cataracts diagram

  • Cloudy or blurry vision, and distortion of vision in either eye including ghost images
  • Lights are too bright and/or give off a glare or a halo
  • Poor night vision
  • Colors seem faded
  • Increasing nearsightedness that affects eyeglass prescriptions

Cataracts tend to grow slowly, so your eyesight will get worse slowly.

Cataracts diagnoses


Because cataract symptoms may look like other eye conditions, you should meet with our eye care professionals for a diagnosis. If we determine you do have a cataract, surgery may be the best option to help restore your vision.

Doctor looking for Cataracts in patients eye

Cataracts surgery

Our ophthalmologists are experts at cataract surgery, and we’ll personalize your treatment for your unique needs. If you wear contact lenses, you will need to stop wearing them before your preoperative eye examination and before your surgery, usually for a minimum of 2-3 weeks. During the surgery, your ophthalmologist removes the cataract and puts in a new artificial lens called an intraocular lens (IOL). The IOL will remain in your eye permanently. The initial placement of the IOL should be accurate, but in some cases further adjustments are necessary to correct vision.

After surgery

It’s important to understand that because you had a cataract, you will eventually develop presbyopia, a condition where your eye loses its ability to shift from distance to near vision. Presbyopia is the reason that reading glasses become necessary, typically after age 40, even for people who had excellent distance and near vision without glasses. You will need bifocals or separate (different prescription) reading glasses in order to see clearly at close range. There are several options regarding the IOLs available to you to achieve distance and near vision after cataract surgery. This is probably the most important decision you need to make about your cataract surgery, so we will discuss the many options you have and customize your treatment plan around your decision.


Cataracts surgery recovery

We’ll perform the procedure you need right in our own ophthalmic operating room on an outpatient basis, and you should be able to return to doing the things you love in two to three days. You can overcome a cataract—make an appointment today to start seeing much better.

Cataract Care

Dr. Richard Davidson MD, Ophthalmologist | UCHealth

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