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Multiple myeloma typically results in these signs and symptoms:
We do not fully understand the cause of myeloma. The changes in plasma cells are acquired, not inherited, but research shows a slight increase in the incidence of disease in parents or siblings of people with multiple myeloma. There are weak associations between exposure to radiation, pesticides, and processed wood used in carpentry and development of myeloma.
These risks may increase the chances of developing myeloma:
The 5-year median survival rate depends on the stage:
Source: National Cancer Institute
Myeloma is not considered to be a curable malignancy, since relapses can still occur after many years of remission. However, myeloma can be controlled for long periods of time, akin to hypertension or diabetes.