Among the causes of a hip labral tear:
Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), or hip impingement. Structural abnormalities that develop in some people from sport or genetics, causing wear and tear and eventually leading to a labral tear of the hip. FAI is the most common cause of a labral tear, and activities such as running, cycling, jumping, soccer, tennis and gymnastics further accelerate the damage.
Repetitive motions. Sports and other physical activities that are repetitive and have sudden twisting or pivoting motions.
Trauma. A sports injury or a dislocation of the hip joint can occur from playing contact sports such as football and hockey, or from a car accident or serious fall.
Hip instability. Most commonly called hip dysplasia, this occurs when the socket is shallow, resulting in more stress on the labrum and eventual tearing of the cartilage.
Many hip labral tears cause no pain or other symptoms, but some do present with:
- Pain in your hip or groin, often made worse by long periods of standing, sitting or walking.
- A locking, clicking or catching sensation.
- Stiffness or limited range of motion.
You should see a UCHealth orthopedic specialist if your symptoms worsen or don’t improve within six weeks. If left untreated, a labral tear will cause symptoms to worsen and may cause permanent damage.