Your orthopedic specialist may recommend hip arthroscopy if nonsurgical treatment isn’t working for a painful hip condition.
In addition to repairing labral tears, your surgeon can use hip arthroscopy to repair damage to articular cartilage or other soft tissues surrounding the hip joint from an injury or other orthopedic conditions, including:
- Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). Even if FAI doesn’t cause a labral tear, it can cause bone overgrowth called spurs that damages the soft tissues of the hip during movement. Sometimes bone spurs develop in both the acetabulum and femoral head.
- Dysplasia. The hip socket is abnormally shallow. This puts more stress on the labrum to keep the femoral head within the socket, and makes the labrum more susceptible to tearing.
- Snapping hip syndromes. Cause a tendon to rub across the outside of the joint.
- Synovitis. The tissues that surround the joint become inflamed.
- Loose bodies. Fragments of bone or cartilage that become loose and move around within the hip joint.
- Hip joint infection.
You will work with your orthopedic team on the right arthroscopic procedure for your case. You will most likely be put under general anesthesia, but regional anesthesia is also an option.