Your primary care provider and/or allergist will develop a customized treatment plan based on your symptoms, age, general health and severity of your asthma.
Your asthma treatment plan will emphasize avoidance—learn your asthma triggers and how to avoid them!—and it will prescribe the right medication for you:
Long-term asthma control medications.
You must take these medicines daily. They include:
- Anti-inflammatory medicines. Oral corticosteroids can reduce or prevent airway swelling.
- Bronchodilators. Relax muscles around the airways.
- Leukotriene modifiers. Block the action of certain chemicals called leukotrienes, which cause airway inflammation and narrowing
- Anti-IgE (omalizumab). An injection given once or twice monthly to reduce allergic reactions.
- Anti-IL-5 (Interleukin-5) agents. An injection that blocks a chemical in the body called IL-5.
These fast-relief medicines quickly relax the muscles around the airways:
- Inhaled short-acting beta2-agonists.
- Inhaled anticholinergics. Block a certain chemical called acetylcholine that contracts the muscles and causes more mucus in the airways
- Inhaled corticosteroids. Delivered through an inhalation device, such as metered-dose inhaler (MDI), nebulizer, or dry powder/rotary inhaler. Inhaled medicines go right to the lungs and have fewer side effects than oral medicines.