Electrical Burns

Electrical Burns

Electrical burns occur when there is
contact with electricity. Their severity is normally dependent on the type of electricity.
Low voltage exposure typically causes less burning and injury than high voltage
exposures.

Caring for an electrical burn

  • Call or send someone to call
    911 for emergency
    medical help whenever an electrical burn occurs. Serious electrical injuries need
    urgent medical care.

  • Unplug the appliance or
    device that has caused the injury or turn off the electrical current at the
    circuit breaker.

  • If the child is in contact
    with the electrical current, don’t touch him or her until you turn off the source
    or the circuit breaker.

  • Check to see if the child is
    still breathing. If the child isn’t breathing, call or send someone to call 911 and start
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

  • Cover the burned area with a
    sterile gauze bandage or clean bed sheet.

  • Be aware that a child may go
    into “shock” after an electrical burn.

  • Don’t give your child
    anything to eat or drink.

  • Place the child on his or her
    back, unless a neck or back injury is suspected. If neck or back injury is
    suspected, don’t move the child until paramedics or emergency medical help
    arrives.

  • If the child has vomited or
    has a serious injury to the face or mouth area, you may place the child on his or
    her side.

  • Keep your child warm with
    blankets or extra clothing, but don’t use a heat source to warm him or her.

  • Raise your child’s feet and
    legs if your child does not have a back or neck injury. Use a prop or pillow to
    keep the legs raised.

  • Take your child to the ER if they bite an electrical cord and
    get a small burn at the corner of their mouth. These burns can be very dangerous
    despite being small. These burns can bleed uncontrollably.