uses ultrasound waves to create images of the heart. It is the most commonly used imaging tool for diagnosing heart problems because it gives non-invasive imaging of the heart and its blood flow.
3D transesophageal echocardiography
is a more invasive form of cardiac ultrasound that allows for specialized imaging and guidance during structural heart procedures.
Coronary computed tomography angiography
(CCTA) allows cardiologists to diagnose coronary artery disease non-invasively without anesthesia.
Assesses the severity of coronary artery disease and the risk of a heart attack. This severity can be presented as a Coronary Artery Calcium (CAC) score.
Cardiac MRI (CMR)
Allows for high-quality assessment of cardiac size and function, and can aid in the determination of certain tissue characteristics in the heart muscle.
Nuclear medicine imaging
Single photon emission computed tomography
(SPECT) is most commonly used for myocardial perfusion imaging to detect ischemic heart disease.