Eardrum Rupture (Perforation)
eardrum is a thin membrane between your outer and middle ear. Sound
waves entering your ear cause the membrane to vibrate. This helps you hear. An injury or
infection can cause your eardrum to tear (rupture). This creates a hole (perforation) that may affect your hearing.
Causes of eardrum perforation
Causes of a ruptured eardrum include:
Pressure from an ear infection
Putting an object such as a
bobby pin, or pencil into the ear
A very loud noise such as a
explosion close to the ear
Rapid changes in air pressure. These can happen during scuba diving or traveling at high altitudes.
A slap or blow to the ear
When to go to the emergency room (ER)
Seek medical care right away if you:
Have severe pain, bleeding, or ringing in your ear.
Lose your hearing suddenly.
Become very dizzy for no reason.
Have an object lodged in your ear.
A ruptured eardrum from an ear
infection usually isn’t an emergency. In fact, the rupture often relieves pressure and
pain. It usually heals within hours or days. But you should have the ear looked at by
a healthcare provider within 24 hours.
What to expect in the ER
Your ear will be examined. Treatment will depend on how severe the damage is. Small holes often heal on their own. A small patch may be placed over a minor eardrum tear. Large tears may need to be repaired during an operation. If you are very dizzy or have severe hearing loss, you are likely to stay in the hospital for treatment for one or more days.
Don’t clean inside the ear canal
with cotton swabs or any other
hearing protection when working in high noise areas such as factories, underground
mines, or shooting ranges.