Third-Degree Burn in Children

What is a third-degree burn in children?

A burn is damage to tissues of the body caused by contact with things such as heat, radiation, or chemicals. A third-degree burn damages affects the outer layer of skin (epidermis) and the inner layer of skin (dermis). A child with a third-degree burn needs immediate medical care.

What causes a third-degree burn in a child?

In most cases, third-degree burns are caused by:

  • Very hot liquids
  • Contact with a hot object
  • Fire
  • Electricity
  • Chemicals

What are the symptoms of a third-degree burn in a child?

Symptoms can occur a bit differently in each child. Symptoms can include skin that is:

  • Dry and leathery
  • Changes color to black, white, brown, or yellow
  • Swollen
  • May not be painful, because of damage to nerve endings

The symptoms of a third-degree burn can be like other health conditions. Make sure your child sees his or her healthcare provider for a diagnosis.

How is a third-degree burn diagnosed in a child?

The healthcare provider will ask about your child’s symptoms and health history. He or she will give your child a physical exam. The diagnosis of a third-degree burn is based the signs and symptoms, and recent exposure to something that can cause a burn. This may be the sun, something hot, or a chemical.